When relationships suffer from recurring problems with sexual desire, lack of orgasm or response, or a woman experiences pain or other sex-related issues, it is known in the medical world as sexual dysfunction.
Such dysfunction is common at one point or another, with most women having difficulties with their sexual performance, desire, or response at some point in their lives. In fact, sex-related issues can occur regardless of age and can apply to only certain sexual situations or all sexual situations. What matters most is that they place strain on romantic relationships or disrupt the patient’s overall wellbeing.
The 3 main symptoms of sexual dysfunction are:
Decreased sex drive
Pain with intercourse
Symptoms of Sexual Dysfunction
It’s important to remember that sexual response involves a complex combination of physiological, emotional, lifestyle, and relationship processes. if any single component is disrupted, it can lead to sexual dysfunction, a lack of sexual satisfaction, or an absence of desire. In general, common symptoms of sexual dysfunction include:
Low (or Absent) Desire – This disorder is characterized by a lack of sexual desire or a lack of willingness to participate in sexual activity.
Orgasmic Disorder – Women who suffer from this condition typically have a persistent or reoccurring difficulty reaching orgasm despite sufficient arousal and stimulation.
Sexual Pain Disorder – This disorder is characterized by feelings of pain or discomfort during vaginal contact or sexual stimulation.
Sexual Arousal Disorder – Women who suffer from this disorder will often have a desire for sexual interaction, but have difficulty becoming aroused or maintain arousal during contact.
Causes of Sexual Dysfunction
Sexual issues can stem from many different things, including fluctuating hormones (such as after having a baby or during menopause) and illnesses like cancer, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes. Furthermore, it is common for factors from multiple categories to work together to create sexual dysfunction.
Physical Causes – It’s not uncommon for conditions like cancer, depression, multiple sclerosis, and even bladder problems to lead to sexual dysfunction. In fact, many medications as well can result in sexual problems, especially those designed to treat depression, high blood pressure, and even allergies. When one or more physical issue is present, it can do everything from reduced sexual desire to prevent one from achieving orgasm.
Hormonal Causes – As we mentioned, low estrogen levels after menopause or childbirth can lead to changes in sexual responsiveness, as well as in the genital tissue itself. With less estrogen present, there is less blood flow to the pelvic area, reducing genital sensation and reducing the likelihood of arousal or orgasm. The changes in tissue can also lead to painful intercourse or dryness, which can drastically affect how much one wants to have sex.
Social / Psychological Causes – Anxiety, depression, and other mental illnesses can contribute to sexual dysfunction, as can past trauma or abuse and concerns over pregnancy. In some cases, having issues with one’s partner or suffering from negative body image can create a similar effect.
Concerned that you may be suffering from sexual dysfunction?
If you are a woman experiencing sexual dysfunction symptoms then contact our office today and make an appointment to consult with Dr. Leveno. You are not in this alone!