In one out of ten women of child-bearing age, a particularly difficult hormonal disorder known as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) may be the cause for a variety of reproductive health issues.
Commonly, women suffering from PCOS may find that they endure infrequent or prolonged menstrual periods, as well as excess levels of androgen - a male hormone. With PCOS, ovaries often develop a collection of follicles that prevents the release of eggs in the fertilization process. At time the follicles can burst and cause pain.
Know The Symptoms of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
When it comes to understanding the cause of reproductive issues, it is important to understand the known signs and symptoms to prevent misdiagnosis and unnecessary anxiety.
With PCOS, the first symptoms may become present when a woman has her first menstrual period at the time of puberty. However, for some women, the symptoms may not appear until later due to other health issues.
A diagnosis of PCOS can be made when at least two of the following symptoms are present:
Infrequent and Irregular Periods
The most commonly reported symptom of women with PCOS is infrequent, irregular or prolonged menstrual cycles. If you have experienced longer spans of time between periods, have less than nine periods in a year, or have dealt with heavy periods often, you may be suffering from PCOS.
An Excess In Androgen Hormone Levels
If elevated levels androgen are found to be present, you may experience physical symptoms such as increased body and facial hair, severe acne, or symptoms similar to male-pattern baldness.
The Presence Of Polycystic Ovaries
A vaginal or pelvic exam can help uncover the presence of polycystic ovaries, which can lead your doctor to quickly diagnose the issue. If the ovaries are enlarged and there is evidence of follicles near the egg, the ovaries may not function properly.
Is It Time To See A Doctor?
If you have been experiencing any of the above symptoms, and are having trouble conceiving, you may need to schedule an appointment with us and set up testing for PCOS. Dr. Leveno can walk you through your symptoms and explain the process of testing, diagnosing, and treating Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome.
Discover The Causes of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
Despite current research and advances in the diagnosis and treatment of PCOS, there is much about the cause of this difficult issue that remains unknown. However, there are many factors that are known to play a role in the appearance of PCOS:
There are studies that show that genetics and heredity may be a factor in developing PCOS. If someone in your immediate family has struggled with PCOS or PCOS symptoms, you may be at a higher risk of developing issues yourself.
There have been studies that have shown that women diagnosed with PCOS often have low-grade inflammation that may cause ovaries to produce the male hormone androgens - causing a variety of issues, including heart problems.
An Excess Of Insulin
When the cells of the body become resistant to insulin due to an excess in supply created by the pancreas, blood sugar levels may rise to a level that causes issues with the ovaries ovulating as they normally would.
If You Fear You Are Suffering From PCOS, Reach Out Today
You shouldn’t suffer from the difficult symptoms of PCOS alone. IF any of the above symptoms or signs of PCOS seem present in your life, contact Dr. Leveno’s office in Plano, Texas today! Dr. Leveno’s experience in walking with women through PCOS and other reproductive issues will give you peace of mind as you navigate diagnoses and treatment.